Kerala SSLC Exam 2022 March- Focus Areas for All Subjects MM & EM

SSLC Focus Area 2022

For the academic year 2021-22 The State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) Kerala selected some focus areas and important chapters in all subjects to facilitate the learning process. Students need to take special attention to the given focus areas as most of the questions will be based on the areas mentioned. This can be marked as the very important topics for the preparation of SSLC exam March 2022. The classroom sessions starting from January 1st will also concentrate on the below mentioned focus areas of different subjects.

Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for SSLC 2022

How many marks are expected from focus area topics? What is the question distribution pattern? Do you need to study complete portions to get A+ marks? all your questions regarding the pattern and marking scheme of SSLC 2022 is answered in the page below

SSLC Exam 2022- Question Papers and Answer Keys

Model Exam 2022- Question Papers and Answer Keys

Focus Area 2022 based SSLC model question papers for all subjects

SSLC Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme 2022 for Focus Area Topics

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Important topics classified as Focus Areas in Each Subject

Refer the Important topics given for Each subject from the files below. These portions are given in Malayalam Medium. Students of English Medium sections can take corresponding topics in their textbook as equivalent.

Question Pattern for SSLC 2022 with Focus Areas

Education Department yet to finalise the question pattern for SSLC exam 2022. As per the details available now, all questions will have options. So for 40 mark examination, you will be provided with questions for 80 marks, from that 75% of questions will be taken from Focus Areas. ie, 60 mark questions will come from focus areas. Students will get the option to answer all the questions. If you get more than 40 marks, it will be considered as 40/40 ie, 100%.

Same pattern applicable to subjects with 80 marks also. Together with the options, a total of 160 mark questions will be asked, out of which 120 mark questions will be taken from the focus areas.

This means by concentrating on the focus areas, you can secure 100% marks in the upcoming SSLC examinations.

MALAYALAM I Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

MALAYALAM II Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

Arabic Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

Sanskrit Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

Urdu Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

ENGLISH Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

Unit 1Adventures in a Banyan  Tree         
 The Snake and the Mirror        
 Lines written in Early Spring                         
Unit 2Project Tiger                                                     

Unit 3
The Best Investment I Ever Made
The Ballad of Father Gilligan
The Danger of a Single Story
Unit 4The Scholarship Jacket
Unit 5Mother to Son

HINDI Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

SOCIAL SCIENCE 1 Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

English Medium

Unit NoName of UnitFocus Zones
1  Revolutions that   Influenced the World• The American War of Independence\
• The French Revolution
• The Russian Revolution
2  World in the twentieth   Century• Causes of The First World War
• Mussolini and Fascism
• Hitler and Nazism
• Non-Aligned Movement: An Alternative to Bipolar Blocs
3  Public Administration• Public Administration
• Importance of Public Administration
• Features of Bureaucracy
• Indian Civil Service
4  British exploitation and   Resistance• Impact of the British policies
•  Kurichya Revolt
• First War of Indian Independence, 1857
5  Culture and Nationalism• Education for the Nation
• Nationalism in Art
6  Struggle and Freedom• Early Struggles of Mahatma Gandhi
• Non-cooperation and the Khilafat Movements
• Poorna Swaraj and Civil Disobedience
• The British Quit India
7  India after Independence• Integration of Princely States
• Space Research in India
• Foreign Policy
•  Panchsheel Principles
8  Kerala towards Modernity• Early Resistances against the British -Pazhassi Revolts
• Reform Movements and Social Changes
• National Movement and Women
9  The State and political science• Functions of a State
• Theories on the Origin of State
• Citizenship
10  Civic Consciousness• How can we foster civic consciousness Through Family, Education, Associations & Media
• Civic Consciousness: Challenges
11  Sociology  : What? Why?• The early social science thinkers
• Methods of study in sociology – Social survey, Interview, Observation & Case study


SOCIAL SCIENCE 2 Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

English Medium

Unit NoName of UnitFocus Zones
1Seasons and Time• Seasons and apparent movement of the Sun
• Rotation and calculation of time
• Greenwich time (GMT)
• Standard time
• Indian Standard Time (IST)
• International Date Line
2In search of the source of wind• Atmospheric pressure
• Atmospheric pressure and altitude
• Temperature and atmospheric pressure
•  Humidity and atmospheric pressure
• Global pressure belts
• Planetary winds ( Trade winds, Westerlies & Polar easterlies )
3Human Resource Development in India• Qualitative features of  Human Resource
• Education and human resource development
• Human resource development and healthcare
4Landscape analysis through maps• Topographic Map
• Uses of topographic maps
• Grid reference
• Eastings
•  Northings
• 4 – figure grid reference
5Public expenditure and public revenue• Public revenue
• Taxes
• Major direct taxes in India
• Goods and Services Tax (GST)
• Goods and Services Taxes (GST): Types
6Eyes in the Sky and Analysis of information• Remote Sensing
• Classification of Remote Sensing based on the platform
• Satellite Remote Sensing – Geostationary satellites & Sun synchronous satellites
• Analytical Capabilities of GIS ( Geographic Information System )
• Overlay Analysis
• Buffer Analysis
7India: The Land of Diversities• In the Himalayas – Northern mountain region ( Trans Himalayas, Himalayas & Eastern Highlands )
• Himalayan rivers
• Peninsular rivers
• Along the beautiful coastlines…
• Western coastal plain
• Eastern coastal plain
• Climate
• Southwest monsoon season
• Retreating monsoon season
• Map-
Rivers, Mountains & The Peninsular Plateau
8Resource Wealth of India• Cropping seasons
• Food Crops
• Transport
• Water transport
Map- The Major Ports in India. (• Kandla • Tuticorin• Mumbai • Chennai
• Nheva sheva • Visakhapatanam• Marmagao • Paradip• Mangalore • Haldia• Kochi • Kolkata )
9Financial institutions and services• Functions of Reserve Bank of India
• Function of Commercial Banks
• Modern trends in banking sector
10Consumer: Satisfaction and
• Consumer Protection Act 1986
• Administrative mechanism

Malayalam Medium

PHYSICS Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022

English Medium

1Effect of electric current • Energy change in electrical instruments,
• Heating effect of electric current, Joule’s Law,
• Mathematical problems,
• Electric power,
• Related mathematical problems,
• Electric heating instruments
• Peculiarities of substances used as heating coil
• Short circuit
• Overloading, Working of Safety fuse
Peculiarities of substances used as fuse wire
• Arrangement of resistances – Parallel and series combination, Related problems
2Magnetic effect of electric current• Magnetic field around a current carrying conductor
• Right hand thump rule
• Magnetic field around a Solenoid
• Magnetic polarity
• Factors effecting the Magnetic field
• Motor principle
• DC motor
• Moving coil loudspeaker- Structure and working.
3Electromagnetic induction
• Electromagnetic induction
• Factors effecting induced emf
• Current from AC generator, DC generator and cell- Characteristics and graphical representation
• AC and DC generator-Structure and working
• Mutual induction
• Transformers- Structure
• Moving coil microphone
• Power transmission in high voltage
• Electric shock-first aid.
4.Reflection of light• Reflection
• laws of reflection
• Characters of image formed in concave mirror and convex mirror
• Mirror equation, magnification and related problems
• New cartesian sign convention
5Refraction of light• Refraction, Relation between optical density and speed of light
• Refraction in different medium (figure)
• Critical angle
•Total internal reflection
• Lens technical terms – complete
• Image formation, ray diagrams, characters of image
• Power of lens
6Vision and the world of colours• Short sightedness
• Long sightedness – Reasons and Remedies
• Dispersion
• Rainbow, Scattering of light, relation between wavelength of colours and scattering
• Reason for red Colour of the rising and the setting sun
7Energy sources• Incomplete and complete combustion
• Fossil fuels-coal, CNG, LNG, LPG.
• LPG and safety,
•Green energy, brown energy, Energy crisis- reasons and solutions

Malayalam Medium

CHEMISTRY Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022


1Periodic table and Electronic configuration •       Shells and subshells  
•       The number of electrons in the subshells  
•       Filling of electrons in the subshells  
•       Subshell electronic configuration and blocks  
•    The period and group can be found on the basis of subshell electronic configuration  
•       Group number of s block elements  
•       P block elements
•       d block elements  
•       Characteristics of d block elements
2Gas laws and mole concept •       Volume of gas  
•       Pressure of gas  
•       Temperature  
•       Volume and pressure  
•       Volume and temperature  
•       Volume and number of moelcules  
•       Gram atomic mass  
•       One mole atoms  
•       Molecular mass and Gram Molecular Mass  
•       Number of molecules  
•       One mole molecules
3Reactivity series and electrochemistry •       Reaction of metals with water  
•       Reaction of metals with air  
•       Reaction of metal with acids  
•       Reactivity series and displacement reaction  
•       Galvanic cell
4.Production of metals •       Minerals and ores  
•       Concentration of ores  
•       Extraction of metals from the concentrated ores  
•       Refining of metals  
•       Industrial production of iron  
•       Different types of Alloy steels
5Compounds of non- metals •       Ammonia  
•       Reversible and irreversible reactions  
•       Chemical equilibrium  
•       Le Chatelier’s principle
•       Influence of concentration on equilibrium  “
•       Pressure and equilibrium  
•       Temperature and equilibrium  
•       Catalyst and equilibrium
6Nomenclature of organic compounds and isomerism •       Alkane, Alkene, Alkyne  
•       Homologous series  
•       Nomenclature of unbranched hydrocarbons  
•    Nomenclature of hydrocarbons containing one branch  
•    Nomenclature of hydrocarbons containing more than one branch

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Latest Pattern Model question papers for 2022 Exam
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BIOLOGY Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022


1Sensations and Responses• Nerve cell or neuron- diagram, functions of dendrite, dendron, axon, axonite, synaptic knob
• Synapse- Different type of synapses
• Peculiarities and functions of motor nerve, sensory nerve and mixed nerves
• Brain-diagram, functions of cerebrum, cerebellum, medula oblongata, thalamas, hypothalamas
• Reflex actions- Reflex arc- Different type of reflexes
• Causes and symptom of Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and Epilepsy
2Windows of Knowledge• Eye – diagram, peculiarities and functions of cornea, retina, iris, pupil, yellow spot, blind spot, optic nerve
•  Rod cell and cone cell- pigments and functions
• Flow chart : Sense of vision
• Causes and symptoms of night blindness, xerophthalmia, colour blindness
•  Ear- External ear,  Middle ear and Internal ear -Parts and functions
• Steps in the process of recognizing of taste and smell
3Chemical Messages for Homeostasis• Role of insulin and glucagon in maintaining blood glucose level, cause and symptoms of diabetes
• Role of calcitonin and parathormone in maintaining blood calcium level
• Causes and symptoms of dwarfism, Gigantism, Acromegaly
•  Pheromones – functions and examples
•  Natural plant hormones and their functions (Auxin, Gibberellin, ethylene, abscisic acid)
4.Keeping Diseases away• Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria-causative organisms, symptoms, mode of transmission
• Genetic diseases-Sickle cell anemia
• Cancer-causes and treatment
• Lifestyle Diseases
• Animal Diseases, Plant Diseases
5Soldiers of Defense•  Importance of skin (Epidermis, sweat gland, sebaceous gland) and secretions (Ear wax., mucus, lysozyme, Hydrochloric acid) in body defense mechanism
• Stages of phagocytosis
• Fever -flow chart
• Role of B Lymphocytes and T Lymphocytes in Specific defense mechanisms
• Importance of vaccination, working of vaccine, examples of vaccine
• Antibiotic, side effects
• Blood groups and their antigen and antibody Points to be taken care before blood transfusion
•Defense Mechanisms in Plants
6Unravelling Genetic Mysteries• Hybridisation experiment conducted on the basis of one pair contrasting traits and formulated Inferences
• Differentiate the structure of DNA and RNA
• Process of protein synthesis
• Genetic mysteries behind determination of sex in child
7Genetics of the Future• Insulin production through genetic engineering
• Role of genetic scissors, genetic glue, vectors in genetic engineering
• Gene therapy
• Scope of DNA finger printing
8The Paths Traversed by life• Chemical evolution theory, chemical reactions which leads to origin of cell
• Urey and Miller experiment
• Main points of natural selection theory by Charles Darwin
• Evidences of Evolution- Evidence from fossils and Comparative Morphological Studies


MATHS Focus Areas for SSLC Exam 2022


1Arithmetic sequence•  Arithmetic sequence concept
• Term and position
• Algebraic form of arithmetic sequence
• Sum of natural numbers.
• Sum of terms (Expect algebraic form of arithmetic sequence)
2Circles• Right angle and circle
• Chord, angle and arc
• Circle and quadrilateral
• When two chords AB and BC intersect at P, PA × PB= PC× PD
• PA× PB= PC²
•Square of given area as that of a rectangle
3Mathematics of Chance• Possibilities as numbers.
•Geometrical probability.
4.Second Degree Equation• Form second degree Equation
• Squaring problems related area and perimeter of rectangles
• Solution of the problems involve second degree Equations (square completion)
5Trigonometry•Triangles with angles 45°, 45°, 90°; 30°, 60°, 90°
• New measure of angles.
•Distance and heights (questions related to 45°, 45°, 90°; 30°, 60°, 90° only)
6Coordinates•Coordinates and coordinate axes – concept
•Position of points with number pairs.
•Co-ordinates of the corners of the rectangle whose sides are parallel to axes. •Distance between the points
7Tangents•Concept Tangent
•Tangent through a point on a circle
•Chord and Tangent
•Tangents to a circle from a point outside the circle
•Curved surface area of a cone.
•Volume of a cone.
•Sphere and hemisphere.


Geometry and Alegebra•Triangle problems
•Slope of a line
10.Polynomials•     If P(x)=q(x) × r(x), then q(x) and r(x) are factors of P(x)
• (x-a) is a factor of P(x)−P(a)
11Statistics•Not a correct average.
•Another average
•Frequency and medium


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Focus Area 2022 based SSLC model question papers for all subjects
SSLC Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme 2022 for Focus Area Topics
Latest Pattern Model question papers for 2022 Exam
Click here for Focus Area based study materials


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