Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an online examination conducted by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore along with seven Indian Institutes of Technology on behalf of MHRD and Government of India to test the knowledge of the candidates in various undergraduate subjects related to Science. GATE Qualification is a mandatory requirement for seeking admission to Master’s programs in Engineering/ Architecture/ Technology or Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Science, in the institutions supported by the MHRD and other Government agencies.
The GATE Exam is for a duration of 3 hours and the Question paper has 65 questions of 1 mark and 2-mark each totaling to 100 marks for the entire paper.
The question paper consists of 2 types of questions:
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) – Each MCQ would carry 1 or 2 marks and they are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate must choose the correct answer. Note that there will be negative marking for a wrongly selected answer. For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.
Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions -Each NAT question carry 1 or 2 marks and for these questions, the answer is a signed real number, which needs to be entered by the candidate using the virtual numeric keypad on the monitor (keyboard of the computer will be disabled). No choices will be shown for these types of questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 or -10 (an integer only). The answer may be in decimals as well. There is no negative marking for a wrong answer in NAT questions.
The score gained for GATE Examination is accepted in more than 900+ institutes across India and is valid for three years post results.
GATE EY Syllabus:
GATE 2019 Ecology and Evolution paper contained the below mentioned topics for examination:
Section 1: Ecology
Population ecology; meta-population dynamics; growth rates; density independent growth; density dependent growth; niche concept.
Species interactions: Plant-animal interactions; mutualism, commensalism, competition and predation; trophic interactions; functional ecology; ecophysiology.
Community ecology: Community assembly, organization and evolution; biodiversity, endemism; species-area relationships. Ecosystem structure, biomes; habitat ecology; invasive species; global and climate change; applied ecology.
Section 2: Evolution
Origin, evolution and diversification of life; natural selection; levels of selection.
Types of selection; genetic drift; gene flow; convergence; species concepts.
Life history strategies; adaptive radiation; biogeography and evolutionary ecology.
Origin of genetic variation; Mendelian genetics; polygenic traits, gene-environment interaction; heritability; population genetics.
Molecular evolution; molecular clocks; systems of classification, molecular systematics; gene expression and evolution.
Section 3: Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology
Mathematics and statistics in ecology; concept of derivatives and slope of a function; permutations and combinations. Statistical hypothesis testing: Concept of p-value; Type I and Type II error, test statistics like t-test and Chi-square test; basics of linear regression and ANOVA.
Section 4: Behavioural Ecology
Classical ethology; neuroethology; evolutionary ethology; chemical, acoustic and visual signaling.
Mating systems; sexual dimorphism; mate choice; parenting behaviour Competition; aggression; Sociobiology: kin selection, altruism, costs and benefits of group-living.
For Complete syllabus in PDF format click below:
GATE EY Previous Question Papers
Enhance and test your knowledge by referring the Last 5 Years Question Papers. Link for the GATE Ecology and Evolution Previous Year Question Papers are shared below:
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