Tuesday, August 2, 2022

# Kerala Plus Two Focus Areas for Board Exam 2022- All Subjects

Kerala Higher Secondary Board and SCERT has selected some focus areas for students to concentrate on their preparation for the +2 examination March 2022. As, the schools has not fully functioned in the current academic year, and some classes are held in the online platforms, students struggled to cope up with the complete portions assigned for examination for the upcoming Higher Secondary Board examinations. So the Government selected certain portions as focus areas to make things easier, and 90% of the questions for the next examination will be expected to come from these selected topics from each chapter. The classroom sessions from January 1st will also concentrate on the below mentioned focus areas of different subjects.

## FOCUS AREA Notes and Materials

Concentrating on portions declared as focus areas will help you to get good grade in the upcoming examination, as all questions have options to select, these .Download focus area notes and materials for all subjects from Plus Two Focus Area Notes and Materials- All Subjects

## Important topics classified as Focus Areas in Each Subject

You can refer the important topics from each chapters from the list given below. These guidelines are expected to be applicable for 90% of the questions. Note that, the government has not announced for any omissions of chapters or reduction in syllabus. That means, the other portions are also relevant if you are aiming for an above 90% score in the examination.

## Plus Two Exam 2022- Focus Areas for ENGLISH

1)           The 3Ls of Empowerment   [Speech]

2)         Any Woman  [Poem]

3)         Matchbox  [  Story]

4)         Horegallu  [Anecdote  ]

5)         Mending Wall [Poem]

6)         The Hour of Truth [One Act Play]

7)         A Three Wheeled  Revolution  [  Interview  ]

8)         Rice [Poem]

9)         Dangers  of Drug Abuse  [  Essay]

## Plus Two Exam 2022- Focus Areas for STATISTICS

1. Correlation Analysis
Meaning of Correlation, Types of Correlation – Positive, Negative, Zero. Methods of studying Correlation – Scatter diagram, coefficient of correlation, Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation,Spearman’s Rank correlation( non repeated only).
2. Regression Analysis
Concept of Regression, Regression Lines, Equation of Regression lines,Properties of regression coefficients.
3. Elementary Calculus
First derivative and Second derivative of simple linear functions. Integration of simple functions. Definite integrals.
4. Random Variables
Random Variables- Discrete and Continuous. Discrete Random Variables -Probability mass function (pmf), Cumulative Distribution Function ( cdf). Mean, Variance and their properties. Continuous Random Variables – Probability density function (pdf), properties of pdf.
5. Discrete Probability Distributions
Binomial Distribution-pmf, mean and variance. Poisson Distribution-pmf, mean and vanance.
6. Normal distribution
Normal Probability Density function,Mean and Variance,Normal curve and its properties.Standard Normal Distribution,Z – transformation and Z – score, Standard Normal Tables,simple problems based on Standard Normal Tables.
7. Sampling Distributions
Parameter and Statistic, Sampling Distribution, Determination mean of sample meann(SRSWOR).
8. Estimation of parameters.
Statistical inference, Estimation of Parameters, Point Estimation, Properties of a Good
Estimator -Unbiasedness, Consistency, Sufficiency and Efficiency.
9. Testing of Hypothesis
Statistical Hypothesis, Test statistic and Critical Region, Type I and Type II Errors,Level of Significance and Power of Test, Test for significance of Single Mean ( large sample only).
10. Analysis of Variance
Causes of variations,Assumptions underlying ANOVA, One way classification by using ANOVA Table.
11. Statistical Quality Control
Meaning of Quality, Causes of variations, Variable Control Charts (x chart only)
12. Time Series Analysis
Components of Time series, Trend analysis- Method of semi averages, moving averages.
13. Index Numbers
Types of Index numbers- Simple Index Number (Simple AM) , Simple Aggregate Method. Weighted Index number ( Laspayre’s, Paasche’s , Fisher’s Index Numbers). Uses of Index Numbers.

## Plus Two Exam 2022- Focus Areas for ACCOUNTANCY with AFS /CA

### PART 1- ACCOUNTANCY

1 Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation
Meaning and Characteristics of Not-for-Profit Organisation Accounting Records of Not-for-Profit Organisations Receipts and Payments Account – Salient Features Preparatation of Receipts and Payments account
Preparation of Income and Expenditure Account
Distinction between Income & Expenditure Account and Receipts and
Payments Account
Treatment of Peculier items – Subscriptions and Special Funds

2 Accounting for Partnership – Basic Concepts
Nature of partnership
Partnership deed and its contents
Provisions of Partnership Act relevant for Accounting
Maintenance of Capital Accounts of Partners
Distinction between Fixed and Fluctuating Capital Accounts
Profit & Loss Appropriation Account
Calculation of Interest on drawings

3 Reconstitution of Partnership – Admission of a Partner
Modes of Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm
New profit sharing ratio & Sacrificing ratio
Goodwill – Factors Affecting the value of goodwill
Methods of valuation of goodwill (Average Profit & Super profit Methods) Treatment of goodwill (When the new Partner brings goodwill in cash.)
Adjustment for Accumulated Profits and Losses
Revaluation of Assets and Reassessment of Liabilities
Preparation of Revaluation account, Partners Capital Account & Balance sheet

4 Reconstitution of Partnership -Retirement & Death of a partner
New profit sharing ratio & Gaining ratio
Adjustment for Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
Adjustment of Accumulated Profits and Losses Disposal of Amount due to Retiring Partner
Preparation of Partner’s Loan Account

5. Dissolution of Partnership Firm
Dissolution of Partnership
Dissolution of a Firm
Distinction between Dissolution of partnership and dissolution of firm
Preparation of Realisation A/c

### PART II COMPANY ACCOUNTS AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (For Accountancy with AFS)

1. Accounting for share capital
Features and types of companies
Share capital and its categories
Nature and classes of shares
Issue of shares – basic journal entries
Calls in arrears and calls in advance
Issue of shares at par and at premium
Over subscription
Under subscription
Forfeiture of shares

2 Issue and redemption of debentures
Meaning and types of debentures
Difference between shares and debentures
Issue of debentures for cash
Redemption of debentures – Different ways (Theory only)

3 Financial statements of a company
Meaning and types of Financial Statements
Objectives of Financial Statements
Limitations of Financial Statements

4 Analysis of financial statements
Objectives of Analysis of Financial Statements
Tools of Analysis of Financial Statements
Comparative statements
Common size statements
Limitation of Analysis of Financial Statements

5 Accounting Ratios
Meaning, advantages and limitations of ratio analysis
Liquidity ratio (Current ratio and Liquid ratio)
Solvency ratio (Debt equity ratio and Proprietary ratio)
Activity ratio (Inventory turnover and Working capital turnover ratio)
Profitability ratio (Gross Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio)

6 Cash flow statements
Meaning of Cash flow statements
Classification of activities for preparation of Cash flow statements
Limitations of Cash flow statements

### Part IICOMPUTERISED ACCOUNTING (For Accountancy with CA)

1 Overview of Computerised accounting system
Computerised Accounting system – Meaning
Features of computerised accounting system
Components of computerised accounting system
Codification of Accounts – Types of codes
Merits and Demerits of computerised accounting system

Features of LibreOffice Cale Components of LibreOffice Cale Spread Sheet Operations
Cell references
Functions (Date and Time, Statistical, Logical and Mathematical)

Payroll Accounting
Asset Accounting

4 Graphs and Charts for Business Data Column chart, Bar chart, Pie Chart Elements of a Graph/Chart

5 Accounting Software Packge – GNUKhata
Creation of organisation
Ledger Creation
System generated ledger accounts
Types of vouchers and Voucher entry

6 Database Management System
Database – Meaning
Database Management System – Meaning
Creating Table in design view

## Plus Two Exam 2022- Focus Areas for BUSINESS STUDIES

1 Nature and significance of Management
Meaning and characteristics of management
Objectives of Management
Nature of management – Art, Science and Profession
Levels of management
Co-ordination – the essence of management
Importance of Co-ordination

2 Principles of management
Taylor’s Scientific Management
Techniques of Scientific Management
Fayol’s Principles of Management

Economic environment in India – Liberalisation, Privatisation,Globalisation

4 Planning
Planning – Features Importance of Planning Planning Process
Types of Plans

5 Organising
Organising – Meaning
Organisational structure and its types
Formal and Informal organisation – Differences
Delegation and Elements of delegation

6 Staffing
Staffing – Meaning
Staffing process
Sources of Recruitment
Important tests used for Selection of Employees
Training Methods

7 Directing
Directing – Meaning
Elements of directing – Supervision, Motivation, Leadership, Communication
Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory Leadership – Qualities of a good leader Elements of Communication Process
Formal and Informal communication (Meaning)

8 Controlling Controlling – Meaning Controlling process
Techniques of managerial control – Traditional Techniques

9 Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial decisions – Investment decision – Financing decision – Dividend decision (Meaning only)
Capital structure – Meaning
Factors affecting the choice of capital structure
Fixed capital and Working capital (Meaning)

10 Financial Markets
Concept of Financial market
Money market – instruments Capital market (Meaning)
Distinction between money market and capital market
Stock exchange – Functions

11 Marketing
Marketing and selling Functions of marketing
Marketing mix – Elements of marketing mix
Pricing – Factors affecting price determination
Sales promotion – Commonly used sales promotion activities

12 Consumer Protection
Consumer Protection Act
Consumer Rights
Redressal agencies under the Consumer Protection Act

Plus Two March 2022 Model Question Papers

## Plus Two Exam 2022- Focus Areas for ECONOMICS

### PART II- INTRODUCTORY MACROECONOMICS

Plus two focus areas 2022 for all subjects in PDF format

• Aparna says:

Focus Area plus one 2022
What????

• fahma says:

Journalism focus area

• thanksgiver says:

Thanks

• Ammu says:

Jayichaa Jayich…. oru orappum illa….pass aaya mathiyaayirn…

🤭🤭🤭

• zaniya says:

tank you for this

• Akash says:

Enikkariyam

• Prajeesha john says:

Thank u and also pray for me guys . Enta life decide cheyyunna exama eth

• theja ganesh says:

pass ayal mathiyayirunnu

• Sreehari Anil says:

Thank you 🙏🙏

• Mehruniza says:

Thank you so much ❤️

• Merlin george says:

Thank you so much government it was good and helpful for us to study

• vismaya says:

THaNkyoU fOR ThiS list… add more

• Halid says:

Sociology illallo

• Meera says:

Sociology veanam……….

• achu says:

ithokke pareeksha kk varum entha urapp

• Nafih says:

Urapp aanu moluse nannayi padich nalla Mark vangi pass aavanam tto all the best 😊

• Nafih says:

Athokke verum mooluse nallonam padich nalla Mark vangi pass aav tto all the best 😊

• Abhi says:

not a problem

• Sahana M says:

Sir chapter wise waitage idoo commerce

• Shalu says:

Sociology focus area

• Lena says:

• Abhi says:

Sathyam😅

• Shahala says:

Psychology focus area…?😔

• Neethu. L. R says:

Why don’t u have notes of Communicative English?

• Princy says:

Thank you ☺️

Sociology illalloo..

• Nandana k.s says:

Thank you so much focus point that will be comfortable my study

• Hari says:

Jayikkonn orappanda ?

• Shana says:

Edannn id padikkan thanne one year venam😢😢

• Faizal says:

😃😆

• salman says:

😢😢

• Nafih says:

Sathyam😇

Thanne

• Alan says:

Samsahayam aanu manh… 🥺🥺

• Deepthi says:

Where is history, sociology……???

Illya😂

• Shifa says:

Economics

• Aisha says:

Arkariyaaaa

• Shifa says:

History?

• Nafih says:

Hyy🙌

• Ammu says:

Jayichaa Jayich…. oru orappum illa….pass aaya mathiyaayirn…

• Muhammed nisam says: